Functional medicine treats the body holistically, as one integrated system. This approach uses a system-oriented approach that engages both the patient and practitioner in a therapeutic partnership to identify the root causes of disease that need to be addressed to heal the body. It is an evolution in the practice of medicine that better addresses the healthcare needs of the 21st century. By shifting the traditional disease-centered focus of medical practice to a more patient-centered approach, functional medicine addresses the whole person, not just an isolated set of symptoms. Functional medicine practitioners spend time with their patients; learning about their interactions among genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors that can influence long-term health and complex, chronic disease. In this way, functional medicine supports the unique expression of health and vitality for each individual.
Why Do We Need Functional Medicine?
- Our society is experiencing a sharp increase in the number of people who suffer from complex, chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, cancer, mental illness, and autoimmune disorders (like fibromyalgia).
- The system of medicine practiced by most physicians is oriented toward acute care; the diagnosis and treatment of trauma or illness that is of short duration and in need of urgent care, such as appendicitis or a broken leg. Physicians apply specific, prescribed treatments such as drugs or surgery that aim to treat the immediate problem or symptom.
- Unfortunately, the acute-care approach to medicine lacks the proper methodology and tools for the prevention and treatment of complex, chronic disease. In most cases, it does not take into account the unique genetic makeup of each individual or factors, such as environmental exposures to toxins and the aspects of today’s lifestyle, that have a direct influence on the rise in chronic disease in modern Western society.
- There’s a large gap between research and the practice of doctors. There is, approximately, a 50-year gap between emerging research in basic sciences and integration into medical practice, particularly in the area of complex, chronic illness.
- Most physicians are not adequately trained to assess the underlying causes of complex, chronic disease and to apply strategies such as nutrition, diet, and exercise to both treat and prevent these illnesses in the patients.
How Is Functional Medicine Different?
Functional medicine involves understanding the origins, prevention, and treatment of complex, chronic disease. Hallmarks of the functional medicine approach include:
The focus of functional medicine is on patient-centered care, and the promotion of health as a positive vitality, beyond just the absence of disease. By listening to the patient and learning their background, the practitioner brings the patient into the discovery process and tailors treatments that address the individual’s unique needs.
An integrative, science-based healthcare approach
Functional medicine practitioners look “upstream” to consider the complex web of interactions in the patient’s history, physiology, and lifestyle that may lead to illness. The unique genetic makeup of each patient is considered, along with both internal (mind, body, and spirit) and external (physical and social environment) factors, that may affect normal bodily functions.
Integrating best medical practices
Functional medicine integrates conventional Western medical practices, also known as “alternative” or “anti-aging” medicine. This approach focuses on prevention through nutrition, diet, and exercise; use of the latest diagnostic testing and anti-aging treatment protocols; and prescribed combinations of drugs, nutraceutical supplements, IV therapies, Detoxification and repair programs, and stress management techniques.